Why Employers Require Drug Testing

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Several factors determine employers’ need to perform drug tests on their employees. For example, pre-employment testing is often used to reduce the risk that an employee will be under the influence of drugs while in the workplace. In addition, a drug test may sometimes be required after an employee has violated a company’s drug policy.

Saliva testing is more effective in detecting drugs than urine

Whatever your reasons for drug testing, whether for your personal use or as part of a business, saliva testing can be a great option. It’s fast, convenient, and has a few advantages over urine testing. It is an excellent option for employees who may want to avoid giving a urine sample. Also, it isn’t affected by food or mouthwash. Another advantage of saliva testing is that the results are more reliable. You can see the results right away. And unlike urine, you can take days or weeks for results to be available.

Some substances will be detectable in saliva for up to four days after you’ve used them. Others, like methamphetamine, will be detectable within 10 minutes. While saliva testing is more accurate than urine testing, the accuracy isn’t uniform. You’ll also see a difference in the detection window. Urine is the most commonly used drug testing method. It’s fast, simple, and easy to manipulate. Most drugs can be detected in urine for one or two days.

Pre-employment drug testing

Choosing to have pre-employment drug tests can be an essential step in protecting your employees and your business. It can also help you find and hire qualified candidates who are drug-free. This can reduce the risks of workplace accidents and injuries and the costs of employee-involved incidents. Research has shown that pre-employment drug testing can effectively prevent substance misuse. However, little information is available about the potential adverse effects of a positive drug test on an applicant’s performance or job stability. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) reports that employees who abuse substances miss work more often, are late to work more often, and are more likely to cause workplace accidents. As a result, these employees are more likely to be referred for drug abuse problems. In addition, workers who abuse substances are more likely to be involved in workplace accidents and customer-related incidents. Organizations must define their objectives and implement a systematic evaluation process to implement drug screening programs effectively. This can help to minimize errors and enhance the efficacy of their drug intervention programs. To perform drug tests, employers must comply with state and federal laws. If an employer fails to comply, they risk legal penalties. Employers still deciding whether to conduct drug testing may wish to contact an expert who can help them determine what testing methods are best for their business. This can include urine, saliva, blood, and hair testing.

Return-to-duty drug testing

Often, employees who violate a company’s drug and alcohol policy are subjected to return-to-duty drug tests. While different laws apply to these tests, there are some similarities to pre-employment drug testing. An employee may be required to complete a drug rehabilitation program. This will be determined by a Substance Abuse Professional (SAP) with the proper credentials. The SAP will also determine if the employee is eligible to resume work. Employees who abuse substances are more likely to miss work or cause accidents in the workplace. In response to this fact, many employers are now implementing return-to-duty drug testing. Typically, a follow-up test will be administered after a return-to-duty test. The follow-up test must be conducted under direct observation. An SAP may direct more than one follow-up test if deemed necessary. However, follow-up tests cannot substitute for random testing. The Federal Railroad Administration (FRA) has a set of requirements for return-to-duty drug testing. The regulations are outlined in 49 CFR Part 40. The guidelines are for both existing and new employees. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) protects people with medical conditions, including substance abuse. Therefore, it must be reasonable if the DOT or employer requires an employee to undergo a treatment program. If an employee tests positive, they will be suspended and possibly fired. In addition, the employee may be required to complete a treatment program for 60 months. The ADA also prohibits discrimination against recovering substance abusers.

Blanket testing is similar to random testing

Several states have passed laws restricting workplace drug testing. However, the National Labor Relations Act has established that drug testing is a condition of employment for both current and former employees. In addition, federal employees are protected by the Drug-Free Workplace Act. Private employers are not required to follow DHHS guidelines but are free to make policies. Many states require that employers have a written drug and alcohol policy. Some states also require that test results remain confidential. Some also require that applicants undergo drug testing as part of the application process.  Many states also require employers to notify employees about testing. In some cases, refusing to submit to drug testing violates state law. This could be grounds for terminating the employee. Some states have also imposed civil penalties for non-compliance. Several states also require employers to notify employees of their right to file a complaint. In addition, some states withhold unemployment benefits for terminated employees because they refused a drug test. This practice is not allowed under the OSHA rule.